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The Kurdish Policy Foundation (KPF): The changing face of political communication

July 14, 2014 by Ruwayda Mustafah Rabar

Kurdish society is going through a transitory phase politically and economically. People are more likely to share their political affiliation online than ever before. This is due to easy access to the internet. The newly founded social networking websites provide people with a platform to share information, engage, discuss and investigate. The traditional ways of political communication that often limited people’s engagement with different political parties throughout the world is gradually being replaced by new forms of political communication that take place online. Consequently, world leaders are eager to engage with people using social networking sites because they have understood that the future of political communication will not be solely premised on traditional forms of political communication.

During the Iranian uprising, Twitter played a monumental role and became a megaphone for protesters. A significant number of protesters politically communicated using social networking sites, but prior to protesters taking to the streets, they used Blogs, Facebook, Twitter and various online websites to vocalise their concern about the transparency and legitimacy of the Iranian elections. Similarly, for years social networking users have vocalised their scrutinisation of respective leaders within their socio-political sphere but their concerns were not heeded. As a result, while analysing the societal problems Kurdish people face, and the political situation it is important for the Kurdistan Regional Government to understand the role social networking sites play and its importance in understanding the concerns of people.
However, it is equally important to understand that access to internet in Kurdistan is limited. Although by large people within Kurdish cities have access to the internet and are avid Facebook users – villagers rarely have access to internet and more than often do not engage with politics using modern means, but rather traditional methods. Traditional methods of political communication within Kurdish society is both ambiguous and vague because the current Kurdish political establishment as we know it now is only a decade old, and prior to this the main Kurdish political parties were engulfed with civil war. Nonetheless, social networking sites plays a fundamental role in shaping the political opinions of the young and middle-aged groups of people in Kurdish society.
Kurdish politicians and those elected into office must allocate sufficient time to engage with the public while maintaining a general understanding of what the public are concerned with. More than often, we see some Kurdish parliamentary members and political figures use Facebook to make announcements, usually during election time. The same enthusiasm and spirit that they use during the run-up to election soon withers away, leaving voters disgruntled with the political system in Kurdistan. To combat this, and Kurdish politicians are advised to genuinely engage more with the public.
Whenever social networking sites are used by Kurdish politicians, it always feels like there’s inadequacy and insufficient timing contributed towards these platforms. For instance, the Prime Minister of Kurdistan, who has recently started tweeting has only four tweets. None of them are engaging with his growing follower-base and similarly, the President of Kurdistan has 66 tweets, and has never engaged with his followers. However, in contrast to them the Deputy Prime Minister Qubad Talabani has more than 3K tweets, and engages with followers more keenly. Other notable Kurdish Twitter users include Bayan Sami Rahman, KRG high representative to UK. Kurdish political parties, unlike most political parties in the West don’t have active social media presence that engages with users in a substantive way. Perhaps, the change movement’s Twitter account (Gorran) can be considered as an exception because they have become more active in generating both news, their political party views, and engage with users more frequently in recent times.
In order for Kurdish political parties, politicians and activists to be taken seriously, they have to be able to use modern forms of political communication, and engage with these platforms in a meaningful way. In withholding themselves from this, they are losing support on a platform they have not even attempted to understand. Furthermore, enthusiasm towards engaging with the public should not be exercised only in the run-up to election or other newsworthy events, but instead it should be ongoing all-year without reservations.


المشاركات الشائعة من هذه المدونة

خدمة إشعارات من #كي_كارد Qi عبر الرسائل النصية SMS

حاير نزل الراتب لو بعد؟

هسه تكَدر تشترك بخدمة الرسائل النصية الي راح ترسلك رسالة في لحظة دفع الراتب على البطاقة او عند سحبك للراتب.
حيث أعلنت شركة كي كارد اليوم عن تقديمها خدمة جديدة لعملائها وأصبح بإمكان المتقاعدين والموظفين من مستخدمي بطاقة كي كارد تلقي إشعار عند اعلان دفع الرواتب عن طريق خدمة الرسائل النصية القصيرة (SMS) على الهاتف المحمول دون حاجة للاتصال بالانترنت، علماً ان هذه الخدمة مجانية، ويمكنك الإشتراك بها عن طريق الإتصال بمركز خدمة زبائن كي كارد من جميع الخطوط على الرقم "422"

ملاحظات من كي كارد:
١- الخدمة فعالة للمتقاعدين والموظفين حصراً.
٢- الخدمة متاحة حالياً لمشتركي خط زين فقط وقريبا ستكون متاحة لجميع الشبكات.
٣- توجد طريقة ثانية لتفعيل الخدمة عن طريق ارسال رقم البطاقة الذكية والاسم الرباعي واللقب واسم الام الثلاثي ورقم هوية الاحوال المدنية واسم الجهة المانحة ورقم الهاتف والمواليد (يوم/شهر/سنة) برسالة خاصة الى صفحة كي كارد الرسمية على فيسبوك.
٤- يمكنك الاتصال على الرقم 442 خلال ساعات الدوام الرسمي.

كُلشي أول متجر عراقي يجمع بين التسوق الالكتروني والدفع النقدي عند الاستلام

تعتمد اكثر مواقع التسوق الالكتروني على بطاقات الدفع الالكتروني, ويعاني العراقيين من عدم الثقة في التعاملات المالية عبر الانترنت, وهنا جاء دور موقع (كُلشي) ليكون أول متجر على الانترنت للأجهزة الالكترونية والهواتف النقالة في العراق, يقدم العديد من الخدمات للزبائن منها:
١- التوصيل المنزلي.
٢- الدفع النقدي عند الاستلام.
٣- خدمات الصيانة مع ضمان لمدة سنة.

صفحات الفيسبوك العراقية تفيض بالجنس Facebook sex trade thrives in Iraq

أم ..... ورفيقاتها.. محّركات الـ«سكس» في العراق
عمر الجفّال - جريدة السفير 10/12/2013
صفحات الـ«فايسبوك» العراقية تفيض بالجنس. صفحات لنساء «قوادات» ظهرن فجأة وبتن ينافسن أكثر السياسيين شعبيّة، وأكثر رجال الدين تأثيراً.. على الـ«لايكات».
منذ شهر آب الماضي، حصلت صفحة «أم ....» على أكثر من 71 ألف معجب. لم تقم بأي إعلان مموّل على الموقع. تجمّع الشباب حول الصفحة كالنمل حينما يعثر على قطعة سكّر. وأم .... ، بطبيعة الحال، سكّر مفقود في العراق. الجنس حرام، والعلاقات بين الشبّان والشابات تكاد تكون معدومة. وهذا يعني أن الحرمان يتسع، والسكّر يبور في المنازل، والنمل لا يقضم نفسه ما دامت أم .... وأخواتها تقدّم وجباتهن على صحون المجتمع الالكتروني الفاخرة.