شعار كنا نسمعه في مهرجان بابل قبل سقوط بابل 2003دودو أول كاتب عرفه التاريخ كان يدون على مدونته الطينية بالكتابة المسمارية لذا يعتبر أول مدون في العالم, وفي المتحف العراقي الذي طاله الفرهود نجد تمثال (دودو) الكاتب السومري من حجر الامستاز الاسود في القاعة السومرية.
ويقال ان اول كاتبة هي اينانا. وملحمة جلجامش أقدم نص مكتوب تم العثور عليه.
|Clay - Pad|
Is Handwriting Going the Way of the Dodo?
Writing words by hand is a technology that's just too slow for our times, and our minds.
In the Shin-eqi-unninni tablets, found in the 19th century by Austen Henry Layard, Shin-eqi-unninni is credited with writing the Epic of Gilgamesh. In Akkadian cuneiform, the twelve tablets were found damaged in the ruins of the library of Ashurbanipal of Assyria (669-633 B.C.). The tablets actually name Shin-eqi-unninni as the author of the work of literature, which may make Shin-eqi-unninni the earliest named author. Gilgamesh is thought to have lived around 2700 B.C. If Shin-eqi-unninni wrote shortly thereafter he could have a claim to being the first named literary writer.
Sources include: (www.wsu.edu/~dee/MESO/GILG.HTM) Gilgamesh
However, in John Gardner's translation of the Epic of Gilgamesh, he ascribes "Sin-leqi-unninni" to the early XVth century (~1400 B.C.).
The first female writer (of hymns), Enheduanna, has a better claim to being the first writer, in Sumerian (an earlier language than Akkadian), from the 23d century B.C.
Clay tablet to e-book:
Paperless society in the making
by Daya Dissanayake
At the beginning, knowledge meant storing everything in your mind. Then came the book. Today all we have to do is to know where to find "knowledge". It is all there, or will soon be there, on the World Wide Web, as electronic books, journals, and encyclopaedias.
irst writer in the world a woman
All the people who campaign for women's rights would be pleased to know the first writer in the world, known to us, is a woman, Enheduanna, who lived more than 5000 years ago. Her poem to the goddess Inana was written on wet clay tablets, which were then baked.
The significance of these tablets is that the author had written her name too, on the tablet. There could have been other writers, men and women, before her, but they had not given their names on their work. It could be that such writings were group efforts, or the ruling class did not allow them to be acknowledged.
Enheduanna was the daughter of Sargon, the ruler who united Southern and Northern Mesopotamia. This would have allowed her to put her name down, on her work, without fear.
Writing progressed from clay tablets to papyrus scrolls. The date of the earliest surviving scroll is around 2400 B.C. Later on, Greeks and Romans used wax tablets for correspondence and for writing down orders.
Writing made it easier to accumulate, record and pass on knowledge to future generations, and the first library was founded in Egypt 4000 years ago.
With the development of paper writing advanced to printing. The oldest known wood block for printing was found in China and dated 816 A. D. Progress was very slow, or the world has lost all the books that had been printed during this early period, because the next record we have is the printing of the Bible in 1450 by Guttenberg.
Sri Lanka can claim to have the biggest book in the world. The 'gal potha' or the 'stone book' of king Nissankamalla in Polonnaruwa. It is 26' 10" in length and 4' 7" wide. Its height varied from 2' 2" to 1' 4". It is the longest stone inscription in Sri Lanka consisting of 72 lines. As a book it is very short, with only three pages and a footnote.
I would like to consider the 'Sihigiri kat bitha', the so-called 'Mirror Wall', as probably the first interactive book in the world.
It should be considered one of the greatest literary creations in the world, and we have to be eternally grateful to Prof. Senarath Paranavitana, not only for copying, deciphering and translating the graffiti, but for studying the language, grammar, the subject matter, the authors and attempting to explain the unfamiliar words and phrases.
Sigiri Graffiti are a very good example to show that 'in poetry, fewer words say more things'. He had published 865 verses, in the Sigiri Graffiti, and since then, Benille Priyanka has published another 150 verses, left out by Paranavitana.